We are convinced that donors could achieve greater impact by leveraging foreign aid to shape migration for mutual benefit.
Improving the governance of migration and managing flows is not only a question of spending, but of long-term investing in strengthening partnerships and existing global frameworks. Rather than short-term migration fixes — which I fear are often based precariously on shifting geopolitical sands — we need to go for longer-term structural solutions rooted in genuine partnerships and existing international frameworks.
We already have in place several key agreements targeting these challenges from a position of strength afforded by regional and international cooperation. These include the Global Compact for Migration, the Sustainable Development Goals, the Valletta Declaration, the Paris Agreement and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. Let’s strengthen these agreements to avoid duplicating efforts or working at cross-purposes.
Dangerous, irregular migration is in no one’s interest, so investing in more legal migration channels, enhanced mobility and integration will be essential to economic development and growth in countries and societies on both sides of the Mediterranean.
We are convinced that donors could achieve greater impact by leveraging foreign aid to shape migration for mutual benefit. Let’s support a durable, structural contribution to the issue and longer-term policy thinking, or problems will persist.
African immigrants in the US are better educated than in Europe
The most educated sub-Saharan Africans tend to migrate to the US rather than to a European country, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of 2015 U.S. Census Bureau and Eurostat data.
Among immigrants in the US aged 25 and above, 69% had some college experience—higher than sub-Sahran African immigrants in the UK, France, Portugal, and Italy, the analysis showed. As a result, sub-Saharan immigrants in the US are more likely to have jobs compared to their counterparts in the UK, France, Italy and Portugal.
Pew’s analysis also showed that immigrants across the major destinations are usually more likely to be better educated than native born populations—the only exception is Italy. In some cases, local migration policies are a factor in the education level of immigrants from sub-Saharan Africa. For example, the US diversity program, through which about a quarter of sub-Saharan African immigrants entered the country, requires applicants to have at least high school education. As a result, only 11% of sub-Saharan African immigrants in the US have less than a high school education.
The ability to speak local languages, a key advantage to gaining employment and living in a new country, also drives the flow of sub-Saharan immigrants, Pew’s report said, and many immigrants choose the European country that originally colonized their native country. The top three birthplaces for sub-Saharan immigrants in France and Portugal, are Francophone and Lusophone speaking African countries.
Collectively, the US, UK, France, Italy, and Portugal accounted for 57% of sub-Saharan immigrants living outside sub-Saharan Africa in 2015—over the last decade, sub-Saharan African population has increased by at least a million. Most emigrants in the region choose another country in sub-Saharan Africa as their place of immigration.